sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis

A range of tools for social network analysis, including node and graph-level indices, structural distance and covariance methods, structural equivalence detection, network regression, random graph generation, and 2D/3D network visualization.

Version: 2.4
Depends: R (≥ 2.0.0), utils, statnet.common, network
Suggests: rgl, numDeriv, SparseM
Published: 2016-08-08
Author: Carter T. Butts [aut, cre, cph]
Maintainer: Carter T. Butts <buttsc at>
License: GPL-2 | GPL-3 [expanded from: GPL (≥ 2)]
NeedsCompilation: yes
Materials: ChangeLog
In views: Bayesian, Optimization, SocialSciences
CRAN checks: sna results


Reference manual: sna.pdf
Package source: sna_2.4.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
OS X Mavericks binaries: r-release: sna_2.4.tgz, r-oldrel: sna_2.4.tgz
Old sources: sna archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse depends: bipartite, CCMnet, CEoptim, cssTools, egonet, enaR, hergm, ndtv, NetCluster, Rambo, relevent, SSrat, statnet
Reverse imports: btergm, compete, ftsspec, geomnet, ggnetwork, gwdegree, keyplayer, latentnet, netdiffuseR, OutbreakTools, qgraph, sfc, statnetWeb, strategicplayers, tnam, VBLPCM
Reverse suggests: asnipe, blockmodeling, ChemoSpec, ergm, GGally, haplotypes, HiveR, MSG, network, rDNA, sand, tsna
Reverse enhances: texreg


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